2.2. Bridge

2.2.1. Zweck

Eine Abstraktion von seiner Implementierung zu entkoppeln, sodass sich diese unterscheiden können.

2.2.2. UML Diagramm

Alt Bridge UML Diagram

2.2.3. Code

Du findest den Code auch auf GitHub

Formatter.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

interface Formatter
{
    public function format(string $text): string;
}

PlainTextFormatter.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

class PlainTextFormatter implements Formatter
{
    public function format(string $text): string
    {
        return $text;
    }
}

HtmlFormatter.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

class HtmlFormatter implements Formatter
{
    public function format(string $text): string
    {
        return sprintf('<p>%s</p>', $text);
    }
}

Service.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

abstract class Service
{
    public function __construct(protected Formatter $implementation)
    {
    }

    public function setImplementation(Formatter $printer)
    {
        $this->implementation = $printer;
    }

    abstract public function get(): string;
}

HelloWorldService.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

class HelloWorldService extends Service
{
    public function get(): string
    {
        return $this->implementation->format('Hello World');
    }
}

PingService.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge;

class PingService extends Service
{
    public function get(): string
    {
        return $this->implementation->format('pong');
    }
}

2.2.4. Теst

Tests/BridgeTest.php

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<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge\Tests;

use DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge\HelloWorldService;
use DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge\HtmlFormatter;
use DesignPatterns\Structural\Bridge\PlainTextFormatter;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;

class BridgeTest extends TestCase
{
    public function testCanPrintUsingThePlainTextFormatter()
    {
        $service = new HelloWorldService(new PlainTextFormatter());

        $this->assertSame('Hello World', $service->get());
    }

    public function testCanPrintUsingTheHtmlFormatter()
    {
        $service = new HelloWorldService(new HtmlFormatter());

        $this->assertSame('<p>Hello World</p>', $service->get());
    }
}