2.5. Декоратор (Decorator)

2.5.1. Назначение

Динамически добавляет новую функциональность в экземпляры классов.

2.5.2. Примеры

  • Web Service Layer: Декораторы JSON и XML для REST сервисов (в этом случае, конечно, только один из них может быть разрешен).

2.5.3. Диаграмма UML

Alt Decorator UML Diagram

2.5.4. Код

Вы можете найти этот код на GitHub

Booking.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator;

interface Booking
{
    public function calculatePrice(): int;

    public function getDescription(): string;
}

BookingDecorator.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator;

abstract class BookingDecorator implements Booking
{
    /**
     * @var Booking
     */
    protected $booking;

    public function __construct(Booking $booking)
    {
        $this->booking = $booking;
    }
}

DoubleRoomBooking.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator;

class DoubleRoomBooking implements Booking
{
    public function calculatePrice(): int
    {
        return 40;
    }

    public function getDescription(): string
    {
        return 'double room';
    }
}

ExtraBed.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator;

class ExtraBed extends BookingDecorator
{
    private const PRICE = 30;

    public function calculatePrice(): int
    {
        return $this->booking->calculatePrice() + self::PRICE;
    }

    public function getDescription(): string
    {
        return $this->booking->getDescription() . ' with extra bed';
    }
}

WiFi.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator;

class WiFi extends BookingDecorator
{
    private const PRICE = 2;

    public function calculatePrice(): int
    {
        return $this->booking->calculatePrice() + self::PRICE;
    }

    public function getDescription(): string
    {
        return $this->booking->getDescription() . ' with wifi';
    }
}

2.5.5. Тест

Tests/DecoratorTest.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator\Tests;

use DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator\DoubleRoomBooking;
use DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator\ExtraBed;
use DesignPatterns\Structural\Decorator\WiFi;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;

class DecoratorTest extends TestCase
{
    public function testCanCalculatePriceForBasicDoubleRoomBooking()
    {
        $booking = new DoubleRoomBooking();

        $this->assertSame(40, $booking->calculatePrice());
        $this->assertSame('double room', $booking->getDescription());
    }

    public function testCanCalculatePriceForDoubleRoomBookingWithWiFi()
    {
        $booking = new DoubleRoomBooking();
        $booking = new WiFi($booking);

        $this->assertSame(42, $booking->calculatePrice());
        $this->assertSame('double room with wifi', $booking->getDescription());
    }

    public function testCanCalculatePriceForDoubleRoomBookingWithWiFiAndExtraBed()
    {
        $booking = new DoubleRoomBooking();
        $booking = new WiFi($booking);
        $booking = new ExtraBed($booking);

        $this->assertSame(72, $booking->calculatePrice());
        $this->assertSame('double room with wifi with extra bed', $booking->getDescription());
    }
}