1.1. Абстрактная фабрика (Abstract Factory)

1.1.1. Назначение

To create series of related or dependent objects without specifying their concrete classes. Usually the created classes all implement the same interface. The client of the abstract factory does not care about how these objects are created, it just knows how they go together.

1.1.2. Диаграмма UML

Alt AbstractFactory UML Diagram

1.1.3. Код

Вы можете найти этот код на GitHub

WriterFactory.php

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

interface WriterFactory
{
    public function createCsvWriter(): CsvWriter;
    public function createJsonWriter(): JsonWriter;
}

CsvWriter.php

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

interface CsvWriter
{
    public function write(array $line): string;
}

JsonWriter.php

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

interface JsonWriter
{
    public function write(array $data, bool $formatted): string;
}

UnixCsvWriter.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class UnixCsvWriter implements CsvWriter
{
    public function write(array $line): string
    {
        return join(',', $line) . "\n";
    }
}

UnixJsonWriter.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class UnixJsonWriter implements JsonWriter
{
    public function write(array $data, bool $formatted): string
    {
        $options = 0;

        if ($formatted) {
            $options = JSON_PRETTY_PRINT;
        }

        return json_encode($data, $options);
    }
}

UnixWriterFactory.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class UnixWriterFactory implements WriterFactory
{
    public function createCsvWriter(): CsvWriter
    {
        return new UnixCsvWriter();
    }

    public function createJsonWriter(): JsonWriter
    {
        return new UnixJsonWriter();
    }
}

WinCsvWriter.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class WinCsvWriter implements CsvWriter
{
    public function write(array $line): string
    {
        return join(',', $line) . "\r\n";
    }
}

WinJsonWriter.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class WinJsonWriter implements JsonWriter
{
    public function write(array $data, bool $formatted): string
    {


        return json_encode($data, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
    }
}

WinWriterFactory.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory;

class WinWriterFactory implements WriterFactory
{
    public function createCsvWriter(): CsvWriter
    {
        return new WinCsvWriter();
    }

    public function createJsonWriter(): JsonWriter
    {
        return new WinJsonWriter();
    }
}

1.1.4. Тест

Tests/AbstractFactoryTest.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\Tests;

use DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\CsvWriter;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\JsonWriter;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\UnixWriterFactory;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\WinWriterFactory;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\AbstractFactory\WriterFactory;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;

class AbstractFactoryTest extends TestCase
{
    public function provideFactory()
    {
        return [
            [new UnixWriterFactory()],
            [new WinWriterFactory()]
        ];
    }

    /**
     * @dataProvider provideFactory
     *
     * @param WriterFactory $writerFactory
     */
    public function testCanCreateCsvWriterOnUnix(WriterFactory $writerFactory)
    {
        $this->assertInstanceOf(JsonWriter::class, $writerFactory->createJsonWriter());
        $this->assertInstanceOf(CsvWriter::class, $writerFactory->createCsvWriter());
    }
}