1.8. Static Factory

1.8.1. Purpose

Similar to the AbstractFactory, this pattern is used to create series of related or dependent objects. The difference between this and the abstract factory pattern is that the static factory pattern uses just one static method to create all types of objects it can create. It is usually named factory or build.

1.8.2. UML Diagram

Alt StaticFactory UML Diagram

1.8.3. Code

You can also find this code on GitHub

StaticFactory.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory;

use InvalidArgumentException;

/**
 * Note1: Remember, static means global state which is evil because it can't be mocked for tests
 * Note2: Cannot be subclassed or mock-upped or have multiple different instances.
 */
final class StaticFactory
{
    public static function factory(string $type): Formatter
    {
        if ($type == 'number') {
            return new FormatNumber();
        } elseif ($type == 'string') {
            return new FormatString();
        }

        throw new InvalidArgumentException('Unknown format given');
    }
}

Formatter.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory;

interface Formatter
{
    public function format(string $input): string;
}

FormatString.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory;

class FormatString implements Formatter
{
    public function format(string $input): string
    {
        return $input;
    }
}

FormatNumber.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory;

class FormatNumber implements Formatter
{
    public function format(string $input): string
    {
        return number_format((int) $input);
    }
}

1.8.4. Test

Tests/StaticFactoryTest.php

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<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory\Tests;

use InvalidArgumentException;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory\FormatNumber;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory\FormatString;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\StaticFactory\StaticFactory;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;

class StaticFactoryTest extends TestCase
{
    public function testCanCreateNumberFormatter()
    {
        $this->assertInstanceOf(FormatNumber::class, StaticFactory::factory('number'));
    }

    public function testCanCreateStringFormatter()
    {
        $this->assertInstanceOf(FormatString::class, StaticFactory::factory('string'));
    }

    public function testException()
    {
        $this->expectException(InvalidArgumentException::class);

        StaticFactory::factory('object');
    }
}