1.5. Pool

1.5.1. Purpose

The object pool pattern is a software creational design pattern that uses a set of initialized objects kept ready to use – a “pool” – rather than allocating and destroying them on demand. A client of the pool will request an object from the pool and perform operations on the returned object. When the client has finished, it returns the object, which is a specific type of factory object, to the pool rather than destroying it.

Object pooling can offer a significant performance boost in situations where the cost of initializing a class instance is high, the rate of instantiation of a class is high, and the number of instances in use at any one time is low. The pooled object is obtained in predictable time when creation of the new objects (especially over network) may take variable time.

However these benefits are mostly true for objects that are expensive with respect to time, such as database connections, socket connections, threads and large graphic objects like fonts or bitmaps. In certain situations, simple object pooling (that hold no external resources, but only occupy memory) may not be efficient and could decrease performance.

1.5.2. UML Diagram

Alt Pool UML Diagram

1.5.3. Code

You can also find these code on GitHub

WorkerPool.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Pool;

class WorkerPool implements \Countable
{
    /**
     * @var StringReverseWorker[]
     */
    private $occupiedWorkers = [];

    /**
     * @var StringReverseWorker[]
     */
    private $freeWorkers = [];

    public function get(): StringReverseWorker
    {
        if (count($this->freeWorkers) == 0) {
            $worker = new StringReverseWorker();
        } else {
            $worker = array_pop($this->freeWorkers);
        }

        $this->occupiedWorkers[spl_object_hash($worker)] = $worker;

        return $worker;
    }

    public function dispose(StringReverseWorker $worker)
    {
        $key = spl_object_hash($worker);

        if (isset($this->occupiedWorkers[$key])) {
            unset($this->occupiedWorkers[$key]);
            $this->freeWorkers[$key] = $worker;
        }
    }

    public function count(): int
    {
        return count($this->occupiedWorkers) + count($this->freeWorkers);
    }
}

StringReverseWorker.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Pool;

class StringReverseWorker
{
    /**
     * @var \DateTime
     */
    private $createdAt;

    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->createdAt = new \DateTime();
    }

    public function run(string $text)
    {
        return strrev($text);
    }
}

1.5.4. Test

Tests/PoolTest.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Pool\Tests;

use DesignPatterns\Creational\Pool\WorkerPool;

class PoolTest extends \PHPUnit_Framework_TestCase
{
    public function testCanGetNewInstancesWithGet()
    {
        $pool = new WorkerPool();
        $worker1 = $pool->get();
        $worker2 = $pool->get();

        $this->assertCount(2, $pool);
        $this->assertNotSame($worker1, $worker2);
    }

    public function testCanGetSameInstanceTwiceWhenDisposingItFirst()
    {
        $pool = new WorkerPool();
        $worker1 = $pool->get();
        $pool->dispose($worker1);
        $worker2 = $pool->get();

        $this->assertCount(1, $pool);
        $this->assertSame($worker1, $worker2);
    }
}